Sauran was a mighty fortress and one of the most famous cities in the Syr-Darya region.
It is first mentioned in the 10th century.
Thanks to its structures and food and water supply, the fortress was able to withstand a
siege for several months. The city was famous for its unique water supplysystem.
Life in thefortress continued untilthe middle of the 18th century.
The Bes-Shatyr ("FiveTents") Necropolis was a shrine for the ancient Sacae who lived in what
is now Kazakhstan in the 1st millennium B.C.
There are 18 royal mounds, 8-70 m in diameter and 2-20 m high, within an area of 2 sq. km.
This unique monument of the early nomads is situated in Semirechye, on the upper reaches of
the Ili River.
To the west of the royal burial mounds, a chain of 45 rock walls carved with animal drawings
stretches from north to south.
Scholars believe that the entire site was the ritual area of
Under the mounds, burial vaults of a complex design were built of Tien-Shan fir-tree logs.
The wooden sepulchre is 3 m high and covers an area of 20 sq. m.