Among large Kazakh towns erected on the Great Silk Road were Talkhir.
Talkhir, located 25 kilometers to the east Almaty, on the outskirts of the modern town of Talgar,
was first mentioned in written sources as early as in the 10th century.
The Persian treatise "Hududal Alem" ("The Boundary of the World") called it "a settlement on
the border between the Jikils and the Karluks". Large Turkic tribes lived there.
For around 40 years archeologists have been conducting excavations and researches of the
ancient town of Talkhir known as "Talgar cite". During this period they discovered and explored
town fortifications, residential areas with houses, cobblestone pavements, etc. Archeologists
gathered collections of ceramics (clay cups and plates), various kinds of articles made of glass,
ivory, iron, bronze, silver, and gems.
Bronze trays and lamps from Iran, Chinese and Japanese porcelain, ivory chess pieces from
India, bronze jugs from Central Asia found by archeologists bear witness to the fact that
Talkhir had been a large center of international trade.
The town was not only a transshipment point; it was a large craft and farming center.
It was one of the few Central Asian towns where they knew how to make the famous Damascus steel.
The town of Talkhir existed in the 8-13th centuries like Almaty.