Shildekhans - festival concerning birth of the son
As life and well-being depended on endurance, strength, dexterity and sharpness, in
steppe the special attention was paid to imparting of these qualities to the children from
the earliest childhood. Therefore many Kazakh ceremonies are anyhow connected to birth, childhood,
youth and majority of the young man.
For example, on shildekhane - festival concerning
birth of the son, solvent people made generous entertainments with the invitation of inhabitants
from not only their, but also the next auls, arranged competitions of singers, djigit guys on
Quite often the child was given a name of the person esteemed in an aul.
There were also cases when the child was given the first got, imperceptible, even rather obscene
name for him to grow up not on a kind healthy and strong.
The Kazakh conducted the family tree on a man's line.
He considered his nemere - grandson to
be the only one, who was born from the son. That child born from the daughter, might not be
considered as the grandson and consequently referred to as zhijen - the nephew, and his child
(nephew) was called zhijenshar - the offspring of the nephew (zhijen). It was considered so under
the unwritten law of steppes where daughters might be given as a wife only to people from
other origins and auls and consequently their children might not expect for position of lineal
descendants of a family generation's head. There was even such expression - "zhijen jel balmas",
which in translation means - do not consider the nephew to be yours!
Only now, presently in the
city, they began to call the children born from daughters, as grandsons, on European manner.
And the one who have to be born from nemere (the direct grandson), they called "shobere", that
means the great-grandson, and given birth from the great-grandson was called "shoshpek" - the
great-great-grandson that means tiny, small. The son of "shoshpek" was accepted for naming
(great-great-grandson) as not "mene", means "not clear", and his posterity as "tuazhat"- given
birth to be another's.
As special stages on the way to majority in the Kazakh family they marked such events
"besike salu" - stacking newborn in a crable, with a hint on that he would quickly grows up
and collectes good health;
"tuasu kesu" - first steps of the child that he is skilful to step and
run quickly. This day, on the Kazakh custom, in "jurta" where the kid has made his first step, it
was accepted to call the most old and dear person in aul that he has cut the special cords
entangling legs of the child with a knife.
"atka otyrgyzu"is a placing a person on the horse back
with giving not only lash into his hands, but also spears that the successor is skilful to
exploit, throw it bettest than a spear, far and precisely.
then the ceremony of trimming followed.
This day the parents of a 5-7-years old son call a venerable mullah to jurta. And he makes a
ceremony of trimming and then he is generously renumerated by parents of the child. Then,
following the custom, they should make "toj" - a holiday. Many visitors, relatives from the next
auls are called, those in turn give gifts to the child and to his parents.